CBT has its roots in ancient Stoic philosophy, especially Epicrete, who discovered that our thoughts, not situations, influence our emotions.

Cognitive behavioral therapy as it is known today was created by Aaron T. Beck and Albert Ellis in the 1980s, combining behavioral and cognitive approaches.

Cognitive behavioral therapy has proven clinical effectiveness in the treatment of depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, panic attacks, OCD, PTSD, sleep disorders, eating disorders, conduct disorders, addictions, chronic pain...

The third wave of cognitive behavioral therapies, such as schema therapy, is great for treating people with personality disorders.

Today, there are many therapeutic schools within CBT. In addition to schema therapy, these include: dialectical behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, Cognitive behavioral hypnotherapy (CBH), mindful cognitive therapy, cognitive processing therapy, and Self-Compassion.

Evidence suggests that the addition of hypnotherapy as an adjunct to CBT improves treatment efficacy for a variety of clinical issues. The use of CBT in conjunction with hypnotherapy may result in greater treatment effectiveness. A meta-analysis of eight different researches revealed “a 70% greater improvement” for patients undergoing an integrated treatment to those using CBT only.

Kirsch I, Montgomery G, Sapirstein G (April 1995). “Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy: a meta-analysis”. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 63(2): 214–220. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.63.2.214. PMID 7751482.

Aladdin A, Alibhai A (April 2007). “Cognitive hypnotherapy for depression: an empirical investigation”. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 55(2): 147–166. doi:10.1080/00207140601177897. PMID 17365072. S2CID 8281709.

Elkins G, Johnson A, Fisher W (April 2012). “Cognitive hypnotherapy for pain management”. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 54(4): 294–310. doi:10.1080/00029157.2011.654284. PMID 22655332. S2CID 40604946.

CBT can be used as self-therapy, therapist-led psychotherapy, and group therapy.


Beck AT (1979). Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. Plume. ISBN 978-0452009288.

Butler G, Fennell M, Hackmann A (2008). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety Disorders. New York: The Guilford Press. ISBN 978-1606238691.

Dattilio FM, Freeman A, eds. (2007). Cognitive-Behavioral Strategies in Crisis Intervention (3rd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press. ISBN 978-1606236482.

Fancher RT (1995). “The Middlebrowland of Cognitive Therapy”. Cultures of Healing: Correcting the image of American mental healthcare. pp. 195–250.

Dobson KS (2009). Handbook of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies (Third ed.). Guilford Press. pp. 74–88. ISBN 978-1606234389.

Hofmann SG (2011). “An Introduction to Modern CBT”. Psychological Solutions to Mental Health Problems. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0470971758.

Willson R, Branch R (2006). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Dummies. ISBN 978-0470018385.

Arntz, Arnoud; Jacob, Gitta (2013). Schema therapy in practice: an introductory guide to the schema mode approach. Chichester, West Sussex; Malden, MA: John Wiley & SonsISBN 9781119962861OCLC 795020405.

Elliott, Charles H; Lassen, Maureen K (March 1997). “A schema polarity model for case conceptualization, intervention, and research”. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice. 4 (1): 12–28. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2850.1997.tb00095.x.

Farrell, Joan M; Shaw, Ida A; Arntz, Arnoud (2012). Group schema therapy for borderline personality disorder: a step-by-step treatment manual with patient workbook (2nd ed.). Chichester, West Sussex; Malden, MA: 

Wiley-Blackwelldoi:10.1002/9781119943167ISBN 9781119958291OCLC 769989905.

Flanagan, Catherine M (March 2010). “The case for needs in psychotherapy”. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration20 (1): 1–36. doi:10.1037/a0018815.

Flanagan, Catherine M (September 2014). “Unmet needs and maladaptive modes: a new way to approach longer-term problems”. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration24 (3): 208–222. doi:10.1037/a0037513.

Lobbestael, Jill; Arntz, Arnoud; Sieswerda, Simkje (September 2005). “Schema modes and childhood abuse in borderline and antisocial personality disorders”. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 36 (3): 240–253. doi:10.1016/j.jbtep.2005.05.006PMID 15953584.

Rafaeli, Eshkol; Bernstein, David P; Young, Jeffrey E (2011). Schema therapy: distinctive features. The CBT distinctive features series. Hove, East Sussex; New York: RoutledgeISBN 9780415462990OCLC 424554654.

Riso, Lawrence P; du Toit, Pieter L; Stein, Dan J; Young, Jeffrey E, eds. (2007). Cognitive schemas and core beliefs in psychological problems: a scientist-practitioner guide. Washington, DC: American Psychological AssociationISBN 9781591477822OCLC 74492109.

Simeone-DiFrancesco, Chiara; Roediger, Eckhard; Stevens, Bruce A. (2015). Schema therapy with couples: a practitioner’s guide to healing relationships. Chichester, UK; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwelldoi:10.1002/9781118972700ISBN 9781118972649OCLC 904801132.

van Vreeswijk, Michiel; Broersen, Jenny; Schurink, Ger (2014). Mindfulness and schema therapy: a practical guide. Chichester, West Sussex; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwelldoi:10.1002/9781118753125ISBN 9781118753170OCLC 871037443


Paweł Górny – certified psychotherapist of the Polish Society of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy, Certificate No. 282: http://www.pttpb.pl/licensed-terapeuci., and the European Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies. He graduated from Postgraduate Study of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (SWPS Sopot) and Centre for Solution Focused Therapy in Warsaw. He has a certificate of an advanced individual and group therapist of SCHEMA THERAPY, member of the International Society of Schema Therapy. He is currently training in Schema Therapy with Ida Shaw, Joan Farrell and Wendy Behary. He belongs to the Polish Society of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Polish Psychiatric Association. Her therapeutic work is subject to regular supervision. Master of psychology (University of Gdańsk) and Polish philology (UG). He graduated from clinical psycho-oncology studies at the University Clinical Center.

In his daily work, he tries to “follow the good side of man”.




In the office, the Patient will meet with acceptance and understanding. I help people struggling with various difficulties, regardless of their age, origin and life history. Each of us lives the best we can at any given moment in our lives


Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy is a therapy based on cooperation and individual elaboration of the patient’s problems. The patient works on change, striving to achieve selected therapeutic goals. In therapy, we use treatment techniques with scientifically proven effectiveness


I have experience in working with patients struggling with affective (mood), anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, adaptive, eating, sleep, personality, psychotic and addiction disorders. I have experience in clinical work and in healthcare units.